Case A 28-year-old woman presents to urgent care with elbow pain and swelling following a mechanical fall. She reports the pain is worse with range of motion. There is no shoulder or wrist pain, and no paresthesias. Exam confirms pain with palpation and decreased range of motion. The radial pulse is 2+; sensation distal to the elbow is grossly intact. The patient is afebrile, has a pulse of 104, respirations 20, and BP 124/80. View the image taken (Figure 1) and consider what your diagnosis and next steps would be.Read More
Consider Vitamin D Supplementation for Patients Prone to URIs Key point: Vitamin D supplementation was both safe and protective against acute respiratory tract infection. Citation: Martineau AR, Jolliffe DA, Hooper RL, et al. Vitamin D supplementation to prevent acute respiratory tract infections: systematic review and meta-analysis of individual participant data. BMJ. 2017;356:i6583. An ounce of prevention would definitely be a good idea when it comes to upper respiratory infection. With the currently limited treatments for the common cold, a chance to prevent them could only benefit patients. This systematic reviewRead More
In Bouncebacks, we provide the documentation of an actual patient encounter, discuss patient safety and risk-management principles, and then reveal the patient’s bounceback diagnosis. This case is from the book Bouncebacks!, available at and History of Present Illness John is a healthy 18-month-old boy. One morning shortly after Christmas, he awoke with cough and congestion. After breakfast, he had an episode of vomiting. Though his symptoms remained mild over the next 3 days, he continued to vomit. His mother had previously experienced similar symptoms with John’s older brotherRead More
Urgent message: Upper respiratory infections (URIs) are the most common presenting complaint in urgent care. Regardless of etiology or provider specialty, antibiotics are prescribed 60% of the time for the treatment of URIs, contributing to drug-resistant respiratory organisms. Employing a multimodal intervention, the authors we were able to appreciate a modest, statistically significant decrease in the rate of antibiotic prescribing among urgent care providers. Introduction Antimicrobial resistance is arguably one of the greatest risks to human health. Multidrug resistant organisms are increasingly providing clinical management challenges to providers in ambulatoryRead More
Case A 67-year-old male presents with acute mid-low back pain following a fall. He describes the pain as “dull and constant.” When asked if the pain is worse with range of motion, he replies, “I think so.” Physical exam reveals he is afebrile, has a pulse of 102, respirations 20, and blood pressure 122/78. His abdomen is soft and nontender without rigidity, rebound, or guarding; there is no bruising or distention. His back appears normal, though there is mild discomfort with deep palpation in the right low back musculature. TheRead More
Urgent message: Acute compartment syndrome (ACS) is an important high-risk diagnosis to exclude when evaluating peripheral extremity injury. Providers must maintain a high clinical index of suspicion with careful attention to the history and mechanics of injury in an urgent care setting to preclude the devastating, rapidly developing sequela of ACS. Missing a case of ACS may result in significant morbidity—and even mortality. Awareness of both subtle and overt signs will ensure the best care of the urgent care patient. There are multiple case reports throughout the literature detailing theRead More
Urgent message: This is a really big deal to urgent care clinicians and operators. Introduction Achilles tendon (AT) ruptures account for approximately 40% of all operative tendon repairs.1,2 With 18 ruptures per 100,000 people, it is the most frequently ruptured tendon—and the incidence of AT ruptures has been steadily increasing over the past few decades.1–4 Typical patients include athletic males between the ages of 30 and 50.3 Because the AT is the strongest, yet most frequently ruptured tendon in the body, the pathophysiology of these ruptures has been studied atRead More

Posted On March 27, 2017 By In Abstracts

Abstracts in Urgent Care – April 2017

Lessons from Recent Terrorist Attacks Key point: Investment, integration, standardization, and focus on translating military knowledge. Citation: Goralnick E, Van Trimpont F, Carli P. Preparing for the next terrorism attack: lessons from Paris, Brussels, and Boston. JAMA Surg. 2017 Jan 25. [Epub ahead of print] This viewpoint article in JAMA Surgery sheds light on the need for a more global concerted effort to gather and share lessons from recent terrorist attacks such as those that occurred in Nice, Paris, Orlando, and Istanbul. The authors propose that the valuable lessons learnedRead More