A 30-Year-Old Female with Headaches of Increasing Frequency

A 30-Year-Old Female with Headaches of Increasing Frequency

Urgent message: Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) occurs when a blood clot forms in the venous sinuses within the brain, preventing drainage of blood. It can cause blood cells to break down and leak into the brain tissues, forming a hemorrhage. This can result in stroke. CVST affects about 5 people in 1 million per year. Aasia Ferdous, DO and Jordan Miller, DO CASE PRESENTATION A 30-year-old female presented to urgent clinic with a headache …

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Abdominal Pain in the Younger Adult: Let’s Not Forget Acute Diverticulitis

Abdominal Pain in the Younger Adult: Let’s Not Forget Acute Diverticulitis

Urgent message: The differential diagnosis of abdominal pain is challenging because many symptoms and signs are nonspecific and because patients might often have concomitant medical conditions that could cause abdominal pain. Although diverticulitis is more common in older patients, failure to consider diverticulitis in the differential diagnosis of abdominal pain in the younger adult could lead to delayed diagnosis and undesirable complications. Fabrizia Faustinella, MD, PhD, FACP and L. Alexandre Frigini, MD Introduction Diverticular disease …

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A 9-Year-Old Girl with Sudden-Onset Sore Throat After a Meal

A 9-Year-Old Girl with Sudden-Onset Sore Throat After a Meal

Urgent message: Sore throat and throat pain are common complaints in the urgent care setting. While infectious causes are the most common and the likely cause of the patient’s complaint, it is important to consider other causes. Linu Samuel, MD Introduction Sore throat and throat pain are common chief complaints across all ages in the urgent care setting. As clinicians who likely see these complaints multiple times a day, our differential diagnosis when walking into …

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An 11-Year-Old Girl with Back Pain and Chronic Poor Appetite

An 11-Year-Old Girl with Back Pain and Chronic Poor Appetite

Urgent message: Patients with recurrent symptoms should have an expanded history—including a genitourinary history in premenarchal girls. Lavanya Boddu, MD, MBA PRESENTATION The patient is an 11-year-old female brought by her mother to urgent care, with a chief complaint of back pain. The patient was pushed down at school about 2 weeks ago playing ball, landed on her buttocks, and is complaining of back pain radiating to BL hips. She is still able to walk …

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A 44-Year-Old Man with Cough of Several Weeks’ Duration

A 44-Year-Old Man with Cough of Several Weeks’ Duration

Urgent message: Lung cancer—the leading causes of cancer-related deaths in the United States—may first present with relatively benign symptoms and findings, such as those seen in urgent care. A pulmonary nodule may be the first manifestation of lung cancer in tobacco users. Early diagnosis and intervention, as well as ensuring a patient has appropriate and timely access to follow-up, is a critical measure in decreasing mortality.   Introduction Lung cancer is the second most common …

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Infection Masquerading as a Fall in the Elderly

Infection Masquerading as a Fall in the Elderly

Urgent message: Falls in the elderly may be mechanical or due to an underlying etiology, making the urgent care evaluation tricky. The provider will need to evaluate the sequelae of the fall as well as searching for the hidden cause.   Introduction Medical complaints from the elderly population will pose more of a challenge when the chief complaint is fall. The source can range from a neurologic etiology, a cardiac abnormality, or a metabolic or …

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Shortness of Breath in a Postprocedural Pneumothorax

Shortness of Breath in a Postprocedural Pneumothorax

Urgent message: Patient histories can be helpful in guiding the examination and raising red flags for possible diagnosis. However, it is essential to resist the urge to accept a patient’s self-diagnosis at face value.   Katlin F. Mattson, M3 and Shailendra Saxena, MD   Case Presentation A 65-year-old female with a history of metastatic endometrial cancer, COPD, and asthma presented with increasing shortness of breath. Four days prior, the patient had undergone a chest wall …

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Cat Scratch Disease Presenting as Parinaud’s Oculoglandular Syndrome

Cat Scratch Disease Presenting as Parinaud’s Oculoglandular Syndrome

Urgent message: Cat scratch disease caused by the bacteria Bartonella henselae typically presents as isolated lymphadenopathy in the region draining the inoculation site (cat scratch or saliva), as well as systemic symptoms such as a fever and malaise. In otherwise healthy people, oculoglandular symptoms are occasionally seen as a complicated presentation. CSD should be included in the differential diagnosis of these symptoms. Joseph V.M. Kelly, MD, MBA, Nicholas Baltera OMS I, and Ronald Dvorkin, MD, …

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A Pregnant Mother Presenting to Urgent Care with Chickenpox

A Pregnant Mother Presenting to Urgent Care with Chickenpox

Urgent message: Failure to correctly diagnose and provide immediate treatment for varicella zoster virus (VZV) infection in pregnant patients can lead to life-threatening complications for the mother, and serious congenital malformations to the fetus. Samrana Arefeen, MD and Khalid Aziz, MD Introduction There are several types of skin lesions and rashes that are common during pregnancy. Some are benign and confer no risk to the expectant mother or the fetus. However, some are symptoms of …

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Post Sports Injury Burn Due to Inappropriate Use of Cryotherapy

Post Sports Injury Burn Due to Inappropriate Use of Cryotherapy

Urgent message: PRICE (protection, rest, ice, compression and elevation) treatment is often advised to patients as part of sports soft tissue injuries; however, incorrect use of cryotherapy may lead to complications. Amitesh Kumar, MD Introduction Cryotherapy involves application of ice on acute soft tissue injuries in the form of ice cubes, ice packs, ice towels, ice massage, frozen gel packs, ethyl chloride, and other chemical devices. The goal is temperature reduction of 10-15⁰ C1 to …

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