Abstracts in Urgent Care – July 2018

CDC Attributes 200+ Cases of Coagulopathy to Synthetic Cannaboids Key point: “Marijuana alternatives” are widely available—and being blamed for multiple deaths. Citation: Moritz E, Austin C, Wahl M, et al. Notes from the field: outbreak of severe illness linked to the vitamin K antagonist brodifacoum and use of synthetic cannabinoids—Illinois, March–April 2018. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2018;67:607–608.   The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention revealed that they have received more than 200 reported …

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Abstracts in Urgent Care – June 2018

Some Oral Antibiotics Up Risk for Kidney Stones Key point: Oral antibiotics are associated with an increased risk for nephrolithiasis in adults and children, with the risk highest in those exposed at a younger age. Citation: Tasian GE, et al. Oral antibiotic exposure and kidney stone disease. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2018; May 10. [Epub ahead of print]   The prevalence of kidney stones has increased 70% during the last 30 years, with the most …

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Abstracts in Urgent Care – May 2018

Factors Influencing Provider Efficiency—or Inefficiency—in the ED Key point: Emergency department study on provider efficiency has relevance to urgent care. Citation: Bobb MR, Ahmed A, Van Heukelom P, et al. Which practices make for efficient emergency department providers? Acad Emerg Med. December 18, 2017. [Epub ahead of print]   This mixed-methods study published in Academic Emergency Medicine identified five practices/behaviors that increased provider efficiency in the emergency room and two practices that did not. What makes …

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Abstracts in Urgent Care – April 2018

ACP Eases Up on A1c Ceiling for Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Key point: The American College of Physicians suggests slightly higher hemoglobin A1c target levels for patients with type 2 diabetes. Citation: Qaseem A, Wilt TJ, Kansagara D, et al. Hemoglobin A1C targets for glycemic control with pharmacologic therapy for nonpregnant adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a guidance statement update from the American College of Physicians. Ann Intern Med. March 6, 2018. [Epub ahead …

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Abstracts in Urgent Care – March 2018

Confirmed Flu Ups Short-Term Risk for MI Key point:  Patients with laboratory-confirmed influenza are almost six times more likely to be admitted for acute myocardial infarction (MI) in the following 7 days. Citation: Kwong JC, Schwartz KL, Campitelli MA, et al. Acute myocardial infarction after laboratory-confirmed influenza infection. N Engl J Med. 2018;378(4):345-353.   Results of a cohort study published in the New England Journal of Medicine revealed that patients with laboratory-confirmed influenza were almost …

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Abstracts in Urgent Care – February 2018

Revisiting Parameters for Treating Hypertension Key point: New guidelines have lower thresholds for diagnosis and treatment of hypertension. Citation: Whelton PK, Carey RM, Aronow WS, et al. 2017 ACC/AHA/AAPA/ABC/ACPM/ AGS/APhA/ASH/ASPC/ NMA/PCNA Guideline for the Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Management of High Blood Pressure in Adults: A Report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Clinical   Practice Guidelines. Hypertension. [Epub ahead of print November 13, 2017] The 2017 American College of …

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Abstracts in Urgent Care – December 2017

GLENN HARNETT, MD Innovative Rapid Tests Show Promise in Influenza Key point: Novel DIAs and rapid NAATs had markedly higher sensitivities for influenza A and B in both children and adults than did traditional RIDTs, with equally high specificities. Citation: Merckx J, Wali R, Schiller I et al. Diagnostic accuracy of novel and traditional rapid tests for influenza infection compared with reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Ann Intern Med. 2017;167(6):394-409. …

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Abstracts in Urgent Care – November 2017

Brain Study Suggests a Link Between CTE and Football—Even Among Youths Key point: A high proportion of deceased players of American football showed pathological evidence of chronic traumatic encephalopathy, suggesting that CTE may be related to prior participation in football. Citation: Mez J, Daneshvar DH, Kiernan PT, et al. Clinicopathological evaluation of chronic traumatic encephalopathy in players of American football. JAMA. 2017;318(4):360–370. This widely referenced JAMA study presents a convenience sample of 202 deceased players of …

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Abstracts in Urgent Care October 2017

Validating a Quantitative EEG-Based Brain Function Index Key point: A novel EEG-based point of care, handheld, and noninvasive head injury assessment device, utilizing an index based on EEG measures reflective of concussion, was demonstrated to provide a quantitative index of brain function impairment in mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). Citation: Hanley D, Prichep LS, Badjatia N, et al. A brain electrical activity (EEG) based biomarker of functional impairment in traumatic head injury: a multisite validation …

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Abstracts in Urgent Care- September 2017

Finding New Pathways that Protect Head Injury Patients Key point: Using an EEG-based biomarker in adult patients has potential benefit. Citation: Hanley D, Prichep LS, Bazarian J, et al. Emergency department triage of traumatic head injury using a brain electrical activity biomarker: a multisite prospective observational validation trial. Acad Emerg Med. 2017;24(5):617-627. Prior studies estimate that traumatic head injury (TBI) accounts for over 2.5 million ED visits annually in the U.S., also revealing that ED …

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