Approach to Fever and Drooling in Infants and Toddlers

Approach to Fever and Drooling in Infants and Toddlers

Urgent message: Typical drooling is no cause for alarm in infants and toddlers. However, excessive drooling accompanied by fever or other various red flags could be signs of more serious concerns such as retropharyngeal abscess, Ludwig angina, or upper airway obstruction. Recognition should trigger a thorough evaluation by the urgent care provider.   Katherine P. Dureau, MD   CASE A 24-month-old previously full-term and vaccinated male presents to an urgent care center with 24 hours …

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Head Injuries and Cirrhosis: Does everyone need a CT Scan?

Head Injuries and Cirrhosis: Does everyone need a CT Scan?

Urgent message: The decision of whether or not to image a patient with a head injury has significant implications—for the patient and the urgent care provider. Understanding which patients are at greatest risk for serious head injury, indications for testing, and options for management/disposition is essential.   Brandon Godfrey, MD; Haylie Wiesner, BS; and John Shufeldt, MD, JD, MBA, FACEP   Case A 47-year-old male with a history of alcohol abuse and cirrhosis presents to …

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Concussion Management in Urgent Care: A Primer for Implementation

Concussion Management in Urgent Care: A Primer for Implementation

Urgent message: Sports-related concussions are particularly dangerous injuries due to their complex nature and difficulties associated with diagnostic and return-to-play decisions. Some of the most commonly employed assessment tools have been shown to be unreliable, leading to misdiagnoses. Guidelines for selecting more effective concussion assessment instruments and the use of such tests in urgent care settings are here suggested as an optimal framework for improved care.   Len Lecci, PhD, MA   Introduction   Millions …

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Management of Acute Exacerbation of Chronic Low Back Pain in the Urgent Care Setting

Management of Acute Exacerbation of Chronic Low Back Pain in the Urgent Care Setting

Urgent message: A systematic approach to evaluating, diagnosing, and treating low back pain in the urgent care setting reduces unnecessary hospital visits, identifies red flag symptoms that warrant further diagnostic or neurosurgical evaluation, promotes returning to work quicker, and helps to reduce the number of opioid prescriptions that are prescribed for episodic exacerbation and/or chronic conditions. Ashley Clay, MS, PA-C     Introduction   Up to 80% of the United States population experiences back pain …

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Tattoos and Piercings: What the Urgent Care Provider Needs to Know

Tattoos and Piercings: What the Urgent Care Provider Needs to Know

 Urgent message: Tattoos and piercings are becoming commonplace, but patients who experience complications with these forms of body art may present to urgent care centers, as access to dermatology and plastics specialists frequently requires a referral or extended wait periods. The urgent care provider should possess a working knowledge about how tattoos and piercings are performed, how to recognize the complications, and how to treat them appropriately.   Tracey Quail Davidoff, MD    TATTOOS   …

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Urgent Care Transfers: Why, When, and How

Urgent Care Transfers: Why, When, and How

Urgent message: Urgent care is well established as an appropriate destination for many patients whose symptoms are not being limb- or life-threatening. When a truly emergent case presents, however, we need to provide immediate care and assess whether the patient can receive optimal care on site or needs transfer to higher-acuity setting.   Deb Rogers, DO and Douglas A. Rund, MD, FACEP, FAEMS     Cowboys of medicine? We are able to diagnose and manage …

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Injuries to the Upper Extremity Due to Falls on Outstretched Hands (FOOSH) 

Injuries to the Upper Extremity Due to Falls on Outstretched Hands (FOOSH) 

Urgent message: It is common for patients with injuries to the upper extremity due to falls on outstretched hands to present to urgent care. As such, evaluation, appropriate imaging, and initial treatment should all be within a clinic’s capabilities.    Michael Bartuseck, MSN, ARNP, FNP-C, EP-C   Introduction   Urgent cares centers play an integral role in providing care for patients who have sustained injuries due to falls on outstretched hands (FOOSH). While complex anatomy …

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Urgent Care Evaluation of Arrhythmias

Urgent Care Evaluation of Arrhythmias

Urgent message: Initial evaluation of a patient with an arrhythmia in the urgent care setting can be as difficult as it is critical to the patient’s survival—one key concern being sudden cardiac death, which occurs in roughly 328,000 cases annually.  Riaz Fabian, DO  Introduction Cardiac arrhythmias are a group of conditions in which a patient has an abnormal heart rate or rhythm. They are caused by any disruption of the electrical conduction system of the …

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The Potential Role of Urgent Care in Addressing the Opiate Epidemic

The Potential Role of Urgent Care in Addressing the Opiate Epidemic

Urgent message: Opioid abuse, addiction, and resultant deaths have drawn the attention of both the medical community and legislative bodies from the local health department to the White House. Urgent care is a frequent destination for addicts trying to secure drugs illicitly—but it also has the potential to be the first stop on the road to recovery. Jason M. Ramos and Robert S. Crausman, MD, MMS Case Presentation Manny is a middle-aged white male who …

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Approach to the Child with Chest Pain

Approach to the Child with Chest Pain

Urgent message: Chest pain is both more common and, typically, less concerning in children than in adults. If anything, however, this underscores the importance of guarding against a false sense of safety in low-risk causes, and maintaining vigilance for life-threatening etiologies. SABAH F. IQBAL, MD, FAAP and HANSEL OTERO, MD The case: A 12-year-old healthy African-American boy presents to urgent care with 2 days of midsternal chest pain, which is worse when he’s taking big …

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