Suspected Pertussis in Infants and Adolescents—What to do?

Suspected Pertussis in Infants and Adolescents—What to do?

Urgent message: Familiarity with the schedule for immunization against pertussis, as well as expertise in diagnosing and prescribing treatment, should be within the urgent care provider’s capabilities—as should the ability to distinguish which patients require transfer to a higher-acuity setting.   Ellen Laves, MD Microbiology and Immunity Pertussis is a toxin-mediated disease caused by the gram-negative coccobacillus Bordetella pertussis. Toxins produced by B pertussis impair ciliary clearance of pulmonary secretions through the paralysis of normally …

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Initiating PrEP Services in Urgent Care

Initiating PrEP Services in Urgent Care

Urgent message: Urgent care centers may offer opportunities to provide preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) services for HIV due to large numbers of patients seeking testing and treatment for sexually transmitted infection. In the same sense, the urgent care center may also serve as an important ally in providing referrals for patients not currently linked to primary care services. Yeow Chye Ng, PhD, FNP-BC, NP-C, CPC, AAHIVE, Jack J. Mayeux, MSN, APRN, NP-C, and Thuy Lynch, PhD, …

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Postoperative Complications in the Urgent Care Setting

Postoperative Complications in the Urgent Care Setting

Urgent message: Patients who have had recent surgical procedures may present to urgent care centers for reasons ranging from seeking reassurance to presentation of life-threatening complications. Tracey Quail Davidoff, MD Introduction Patients often experience complications—or, at least as often, fear they’re experiencing complications—after a surgical procedure. While the surgeon is often the best person for them to consult, this may not be possible for a variety of reasons. Outpatient surgical centers are opening almost at …

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Unexpected Viral Illness in an Urgent Care Setting: The Re-Emergence of Mumps, Measles, and Varicella

Unexpected Viral Illness in an Urgent Care Setting: The Re-Emergence of Mumps, Measles, and Varicella

 Urgent message: Urgent care providers often see acute public health emergencies due to easy patient accessibility. It is important to identify communicable disease rapidly to control any risk of a community outbreak. This article will focus on mumps, measles and varicella (chickenpox). Carmen N. Burrell, DO, Melinda J. Sharon, MPH, and Megan Kessell, BA In recent years, outbreaks of uncommon infectious diseases have occurred in schools and communities, due to increasing travel exposures, decreasing vaccination …

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Treating Patients Infected with Influenza Virus in the Urgent Care Setting

Treating Patients Infected with Influenza Virus in the Urgent Care Setting

Urgent message: As patients start to feel the effects of the 2018–2019 influenza season, urgent care centers can expect to see visits by patients with related symptoms increase. Providers must be prepared to identify and treat patients most at risk for complications and poor outcomes—armed with old standbys and a newly approved antiviral agent. Samantha Arnold, DO Introduction Last month, JUCM explored prevention, diagnosis, and testing for influenza. In this issue, we focus on management …

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An Urgent Care Approach to Influenza—Before Onset

An Urgent Care Approach to Influenza—Before Onset

Urgent message: The urgent care clinician must have a thorough understanding of different influenza types and strains, disease course, and preventive measures—including, but not limited to, vaccination—at the outset of flu season.   Introduction Influenza is most deadly in the very young, very old, and those with comorbid conditions. Typically, onset is rapid and seasonal, though patients may initially present with few or nonspecific symptoms. Complicating things further, there are many different strains of the …

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Syphilis in the Urgent Care Center

Syphilis in the Urgent Care Center

Urgent message: Seeking information beyond the stated history  can prompt  important information that informs the true diagnosis. This is especially true in patients  with a complicated or potentially embarrassing history.  Case Presentation A 59-year-old female with a past medical history of type 2 diabetes and hypertension presents to an urgent care facility with complaints of abdominal pain. She is well known to the urgent care staff. She is consistently noncompliant with medical care. Her hypertension …

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Employing the Parental Papoose Technique in Treating Young Children

Employing the Parental Papoose Technique in Treating Young Children

Urgent message: Children presenting to the urgent care center are often in a state of distress and agitation—to the extent that they may be difficult to treat when it comes to certain procedures. The parental papoose technique may help soothe the patient—and the parent—making effective treatment more accessible. Oscar D. Almeida, Jr., MD, FACOG, FACS It is common for a young child to enter our urgent care center calmly—while being held by a parent, only …

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The Approach to the Hypertensive Patient in the Urgent Care Setting

The Approach to the Hypertensive Patient in the Urgent Care Setting

Urgent message: Previously undiagnosed hypertension is common among ambulatory patients, and urgent care providers are often the first to recognize and diagnose this condition. Initiating treatment, testing, and providing patient education and follow-up are well within the scope of urgent care practice and help ensure positive outcomes. Being attentive to the presentation and care of hypertensive emergencies is also paramount.   Taylor Fischer MMS, PA-C and Rebecca L. McClough, MPAS PA-C   Hypertension (HTN) affects …

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Approach to Fever and Drooling in Infants and Toddlers

Approach to Fever and Drooling in Infants and Toddlers

Urgent message: Typical drooling is no cause for alarm in infants and toddlers. However, excessive drooling accompanied by fever or other various red flags could be signs of more serious concerns such as retropharyngeal abscess, Ludwig angina, or upper airway obstruction. Recognition should trigger a thorough evaluation by the urgent care provider. Katherine P. Dureau, MD CASE A 24-month-old previously full-term and vaccinated male presents to an urgent care center with 24 hours of fever …

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