A 71-Year-Old with Diabetes and Discoloration of the Skin

A 71-Year-Old with Diabetes and Discoloration of the Skin

The patient is a 71-year-old female with type 2 diabetes who calls attention to a rash on her shins during an annual physical. The rash appears to be pink, atrophic scars surrounded by hyperpigmented patches. They have developed since her last physical. She denies discomfort but is concerned as to what could have caused them. View the image taken and consider what your diagnosis and next steps would be. Resolution of the case is described …

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A 57-Year-Old Female with Cardiological History and Shortness of Breath

A 57-Year-Old Female with Cardiological History and Shortness of Breath

The patient is a 57-year-old female with a history of coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure, and left ventricular thrombus on warfarin who presents with shortness of breath. She denies any bleeding, bruising, dark-colored stools, chest pain, fever, cough, or leg pain. On evaluation, the patient’s vital signs are normal. She is breathing comfortably and speaking in complete sentences. View the ECG and consider what your next steps and diagnosis would be. Resolution of the …

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A 70-Year-Old Female with Nonradiating Chest Pain

A 70-Year-Old Female with Nonradiating Chest Pain

A 70-year-old female with history of coronary artery disease presents to urgent care with nonradiating chest pain of 2 days’ duration. She has a known history of left bundle branch block.               Baseline ECG: View the ECG taken and consider what your diagnosis and next steps would be. Resolution of the case is described on the next page. (Case presented by Benjamin Cooper, MD, McGovern Medical School, Department of Emergency Medicine, The University of Texas …

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An 8-Year-Old Boy with Scaly Papules on the Knees and Elbows

An 8-Year-Old Boy with Scaly Papules on the Knees and Elbows

During a regular check-up, a mother remarks that her 8-year-old son had developed clusters of follicular, scaly papules bilaterally on his knees and elbows “over the past few weeks.” They didn’t seem to bother him, but because her son is prone to allergies the mother wondered if changes in household substances like soap or laundry detergent could be responsible. View the photo and consider what your diagnosis and next steps would be. Resolution of the …

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A 34-Year-Old Man with Pain and Burning in Both Eyes

A 34-Year-Old Man with Pain and Burning in Both Eyes

The patient is a 34-year-old male who presents with bilateral ocular pain and burning. He is noted to have excessive tearing and continuous eye rubbing. He comments that his eyes itch persistently and that both eyes feel as if there is something in them. Scaly plaques and crust are visible along the top and bottom eyelid. View the picture taken and consider what your diagnosis and next steps would be. Resolution of the case is …

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A 38-Year-Old Female with Abdominal Pain and Chest Tightness

A 38-Year-Old Female with Abdominal Pain and Chest Tightness

A 38-year-old female with no past medical history presents to an urgent care with right upper quadrant abdominal pain and chest tightness, worsening for 1 week. She reports that her chest tightness is associated with shortness of breath, and is worse when walking and lying on her side. She denies fever, cough, dysuria, headache, or weakness. View the ECG and consider what your diagnosis and next steps would be. (Case presented by Catherine Reynolds, MD, …

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A 24-Year-Old Man with Ankle Pain After a Fall

A 24-Year-Old Man with Ankle Pain After a Fall

The patient is a 24-year-old male who reports to urgent care with right ankle pain after falling from a ladder while cleaning out the gutters at his parents’ home. He reports that he was only a few rungs up but that he landed “awkwardly” and immediately felt a sharp pain on the front of the ankle. He is unable to bear weight but denies any numbness or tingling. View the x-ray taken and consider what …

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A Patient on Dialysis with Syncope

History:  A 67-year-old female presents to urgent care complaining of one episode of syncope earlier in the day. No seizure-like activity was noted by the family and she returned to baseline within a minute. She has a past medical history of end-stage renal disease on scheduled hemodialysis, hypertension, diabetes, coronary artery disease, and chronic nausea. Medications include aspirin, insulin, amlodipine, hydralazine, ondansetron, metoclopramide, and amiodarone.               View the ECG taken and consider what your diagnosis …

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